What are the symptoms of mouth ulcers?
A painful sore or sores inside your mouth, on the tongue, soft palate (the back portion of the roof of your mouth), or inside your cheeks. Sores in your mouth that are round, white, or grey in colour, with a red edge or border. There are 3 types of Mouth Ulcers
- Minor ulcers. These are around 2-8mm in diameter and usually clear up in 10 days to 2 weeks.
- Major ulcers. These are bigger and deeper, often with a raised or irregular border. This type of ulcer can take several weeks to heal and may leave a scar in the mouth.
- Herpetiform ulcers: This type of ulcer is a cluster of dozens of smaller sores the size of pinheads.
What are Ulcers?
Ulcers is a open sore on or in the body. There are different types of ulcers –
- Mouth Ulcer
- Stomach Ulcer
- Peptic ulcers:
- Gastric ulcers: ulcers that develop inside the stomach.
- Esophageal ulcers: ulcers that develop inside the esophagus.
- Duodenal ulcers: ulcers that develop in the upper section of the small intestines, called the duodenum.
What causes mouth ulcers?
The exact cause of most mouth ulcers is unknown. Stress or tissue injury is thought to be the cause of simple mouth ulcers. Certain foods, including citrus or acidic fruits and vegetables (such as lemons, oranges, pineapples, apples, figs, tomatoes and strawberries), can trigger a mouth ulcer or make the problem worse. Sometimes a sharp tooth surface or dental appliance, such as braces or ill-fitting dentures, might also trigger mouth ulcers.
Some cases of complex mouth ulcers are caused by an underlying health condition, such as an impaired immune system; nutritional problems, such as vitamin B12, zinc, folic acid, or iron deficiency and gastrointestinal tract disease, such as coeliac disease and Crohn’s disease.
Seek medical advice about mouth ulcers if you have:
- Unusually large sores
- Sores that are spreading
- Sores that last three weeks or longer
- Intolerable pain despite avoiding trigger foods and taking over-the-counter pain medication
- Difficulty drinking enough fluids
- A high fever with the appearance of the mouth ulcer(s)
Top 5 Home remedies to avoid Mouth Ulcers –
1 Use a saline rinse. Rinsing your mouth with a saltwater solution can help disinfect your mouth ulcer, keeping it clean from the bacteria that naturally occurs in your mouth and preventing aggravation.
- Mix a teaspoon or two of salt with a warm glass of water. The exact ratio isn’t important, as long as you’re not using so much salt that you can’t keep the water in your mouth. If you don’t have salt handy, or you can’t handle the taste, use a pinch of baking soda instead.
2 Dab the sore with hydrogen peroxide. Like a saline rinse, hydrogen peroxide can disinfect the ulcer.
- Mix 3% hydrogen peroxide with an equal volume of water. You won’t need much for this treatment — a quarter-cup of each should do it.
- Don’t swallow the solution. Hydrogen peroxide isn’t meant to be swallowed — make sure you’re using just enough solution to wet the cotton swab
3 Suck on ice chips. The cold can reduce the swelling of the sore, as well as numbing the pain. If you can, use your tongue to hold a chip directly against the sore.
4 Use mouthwash. Rinsing out your mouth more often will clear out any aggravating bacteria, as well as easing the pain of the sore in some cases.
5 Use a lemon. Slice a lemon in half. Apply it on the ulcer. It may sting a little but it will be numb, which is good.
Stay Healthy – Michelle, Your Health Expert