Zika virus is spread to people through mosquito bites. The most common symptoms of Zika virus disease are fever, rash, joint pain, and conjunctivitis (red eyes). The illness is usually mild with symptoms lasting from several days to a week. Severe disease requiring hospitalization is uncommon. It was subsequently identified in humans in 1952 in Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania. Outbreaks of Zika virus disease have been recorded in Africa, the Americas, Asia and the Pacific and now spreading to European countries.
- Genre: Flavivirus
- Vector: Aedes mosquitoes (which usually bite during the morning and late afternoon/evening hours).
- About 1 in 5 people who are infected with Zika virus become ill.
- The most common are fever, rash, joint pain, or conjunctivitis (red eyes). Other common symptoms include muscle pain and headache. Its likely to be a few days to a week.
- People usually don’t get sick enough to go to the hospital, and very rarely die of Zika.
- Zika virus usually remains in the blood of an infected person for about a week but it can be found longer in some people.
- The symptoms of Zika are similar to those of dengue and chikungunya, diseases spread through the same mosquitoes .
- If you have recently traveled, tell your healthcare provider when and where you traveled.
- Your healthcare provider may order specialized blood tests to look for Zika or other similar viruses like dengue or chikungunya.
- There is no vaccine to prevent or specific medicine to treat Zika infections.
- Treat the symptoms:
- Get plenty of rest.
- Drink fluids to prevent dehydration.
- Take medicine such as acetaminophen (Tylenol®) to relieve fever and pain.
- Do not take aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
- If you are taking medicine for another medical condition, talk to your healthcare provider before taking additional medication.
The Brazilian government says more babies than initially estimated have been deformed by microcephaly, thought to be a side effect of the Zika virus.
Microcephaly, thought to be a side effect of the Zika virus caught by expectant mothers, is believed to have affected 3,893 newborn babies since authorities began investigating the surge in October 2015. This content was originally published by teleSUR at the following address: Click Here.
This notice follows reports in Brazil of microcephaly and other poor pregnancy outcomes in babies of mothers who were infected with Zika virus while pregnant. However, additional studies are needed to further characterize this relationship. More studies are planned to learn more about the risks of Zika virus infection during pregnancy.
- Pregnant women in any trimester should consider postponing travel to the areas where Zika virus transmission is ongoing. Pregnant women who do travel to one of these areas should talk to their doctor or other healthcare provider first and strictly follow steps to avoid mosquito bites during the trip.
- Women trying to become pregnant should consult with their healthcare provider before traveling to these areas and strictly follow steps to prevent mosquito bites during the trip.
P.S.- All this information is researched from WHO, Center for disease control USA.